A distinctive feature of the first aid kit is its limited weight and volume. Of course, would like to take in a hike all the medicines of all diseases known to man, but to have to compromise and take a generic means. The same weight of first aid kit can be reduced if we do not take medicines in glass vials, and replace them with plastic, to limit the amount of funds in liquid form. It should be noted that for the same reasons given above aid kit is designed for two of the victims at one time .
All this is about the first aid kit which is formed on the basis of the principle that it can fall into the hands of people with medical education as well as without. In addition, with the medic also may have something to happen. In this case, help will be provided by his friends using the same first aid kit. So it should be formed as functional and comfortable to use.
This can be guided by the following principles:
- medic should know precisely all the medicines: where they are, what dosage, what side effects they may have on the organism and how to fight it;
- medications are formed by groups, it shall be accompanied list, which reflects the name of the preparation, from what it can be applied and in what dosages;
- Separately emergency medical kit is collected, in which has emergency care medicaments and it is worn in a rapidly accessible place.
The most common disorders with which you may encounter in a hike, are gastro-intestinal disorders and various colds.
In this first aid kit are no antiviral agents. About expediency of they are in the kit there is no single opinion, as it is believed that in the high mountains all sterile, but you need to reach the mountains at first, and in the road anything can happen. From my own experience I can say that it is better to include antiviral medicines in the kit. Only symptomatic is not enough, and no one has canceled the effect of the "placebo" when a person feels better, simply because they know that drinking a specific cure for their disease (it can not only be of etiological agents, and drugs affecting immune).
With regard to chronic diseases: as you know, there is no absolutely healthy, everyone has more or less serious illness and the particular organism.
In general, it is desirable to all participants, but rather strictly necessary, to pass the minimum surveys before a hike, including to go to the dentist in order to avoid unpleasant situations, because of which the group can get away from the route.